Regarded as the one of the best and
famous wildlife sanctuaries in India, Bharatpur National Park is the only
wildlife sanctuary in India which was established artificially by a
Maharaja. Rated as one of the finest bird sanctuaries on the globe,
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is located in Bharatpur city of Rajasthan. Also
known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park, it homes indigenous water birds and
many of the migratory water birds besides larger animals including Sambhar,
Chital, Nilgai and Boar.
Bharatpur wildlife sanctuary was laid way back in 1760 when Maharaja of
Bharatpur built an artificial lake and a dam at this very site to store the
water brought by the annual floods. Around 300 bird species are flourishing
in this 29-sq-km-wildlife park which is divided into the stretches of
marshes, scrubland and grassland. Its name as Keoladeo Ghana Park was
inspired by an ancient Shiva Temple in the centre of national park. The term
'Ghana' means dense and indicates the thick forest, covering entire area. It
became a national park on 10 March 1982 and a World Heritage Site in
Avi-fauna in Bharatpur National Park
enthusiasts visit this bird sanctuary, which is the second habitat in the
world visited by Siberian Cranes in winter. When the rivers of Siberia are
frozen due to extreme winters, Siberian Cranes visit Bharatpur National Park
to spend their winters in India. After winters in Siberia, these huge cranes
return to their breeding grounds. Highlights of the park include myriad
migratory birds from Siberia and Central Asia, who spend their winters in
Bharatpur bird sanctuary. Other migratory birds at the Bharatpur bird
sanctuary include several species of Geese, Ducks, Cranes, Pelicans, Eagles,
Hawks, Warblers, Wheatears, Stints, Wagtails, Flycatchers, Buntings, Pipits,
Larks and Shanks etc.
Other Attractions at Bharatpur National Park
Bharatpur Government Museum: It is the major tourist attraction in
Bharatpur National Park, which preserves the articles recalling the royal
past of Bharatpur.
Bharatpur Palace :
Standing tall with pride amidst the
park, Bharatpur Palace is a structural blend of Mughal and Rajput
architecture. This architectural masterpiece is very picturesque and
captivates the eyes of the tourists.
Lohagarh Fort :
Lohagarh Fort in Bharatpur National Park
bore the brunt of several attacks by British regime successfully.
Deeg Palace :
Located 32 km from Bharatpur, this exotic
palace was once the summer resort and boasts of numerous beautiful palaces
How to Reach Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
By Air :
Agra Airport is nearest (56 km) from Bharatpur
Bird Sanctuary. You also can reach Delhi Airport and access Bharatpur from
By Rail :
Bharatpur railway station is 6 km from the
national park. Regular trains connect Bharatpur with all the major cities of
India including Delhi, Agra, Mumbai and Jaipur.
By Road :
A good quality road network connects Bharatpur
with all the major towns of Rajasthan including Agra, Jaipur, Delhi and its
neighboring states like Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.