The climate of India is one of the most important factors to outline your
travel plan in India. The vast geographic scale and diverse topography
brings a wide range of climatic conditions, which vary greatly from region
to region, and sometimes even from day to night, as in the desert regions.
North India get sever fluctuations in climate due to the changing moods of
Himalayan mountains and Thar Desert, while south India surrounding by
Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, and Bay of Bengal, make India a monsoonal
country. The climate of India is further subdivided by inside tropical
variation in north and south India. It is completely a web in which you will
enjoy varied and unique climatic experiences.
The far north eastern part of India is covered with white snows and
receives -40 oC winter while north western part is dominated by simmering
Thar Desert and get hottest climate reaching to above 50 oC. The north
central India is made up of fertile landscapes and get four different kind
of weathers. The south India is blessed with evergreen forests, rivers, and
largest bodies of water. Pleasant round the year, South India also offers
very, very interesting climatic conditions. When you are on trip to India,
keep climate your primary concern, it is an another way to explore the
diversities of India.
Climatic Conditions in Different
Regions of India Northern Plains
Northern Plains of India has extreme climate in all seasons. Summers are
usually hot, humid and very harsh. July to September is monsoonal seasons
and the region is showered with most of the rain during this season. then
Winter starts from last of November and continued till early march. It is
the best time to visit north plains.
summer is the best time to visit Western Himalayas. The climate in summer
(March to June) is very pleasant with little bit cold evenings and plenty of
sunny days. The region is covered in the heavy snowfalls and steep fall in
temperature during winter and most of the areas are inaccessible. Summer and
winter both are best time if you are adventure lovers.
Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are two states constituting central India.
They receive very hot summer and heavy monsoons between July and September.
Winter is pleasant and temperature falls at night. Pack lightweight clothes
for most of the year with warmer clothes during evenings particularly in
winter. If it is monsoon season, never forget waterproofing.
Western India has very complex climatic conditions. In summer, it can be
extremely hot with monsoon rainfall between between mid-June and
mid-September. The best time to visit Western India is from November to
February. In winter, evenings are more colder. Lightweight cottons and linen
are required clothes and warmer clothes for cooler winter. Never forget
waterproofing essential in monsoon season.
Here, temperatures in summer is as hot as in Northern India although
humidity is extreme. Monsoon season remains between late April and July.
Coastal areas are cool and pleasant. Inland, Mysore and Bijapur have
pleasant climates with relatively low rainfall. If you want to be here,
November to March is the most ideal time.
Four official seasons
Climate of India is like moon, never constant, always changing. Even
though, India Meteorological Department (IMD) has recognized four official
Winter falls between January and March. December and January are the
coldest month of the year reaching to the average temperature around
10-15 oC in the northwest; and 20-25 oC in mainland India's southeast.
Summer or pre-monsoon season remains from March to June (April to
July in northwestern India). May and June are the hottest months in
north India while April is the hottest in western and southern regions.
The average temperature is 32-40 oC in most of the interior.
June to September is monsoonal season. In beginning, the season is
dominated by the humid southwest summer monsoon and gradually it moves
to rest part of the country in late May or early June. The season recede
in north India from October.
Post-monsoon season last from October to December in which south
India receives more precipitation while monsoon rains begin to diminish
from North India with the beginning of October. Some parts of the
country receive dry north east monsoon. The northwestern India is
cloudless in October and November.