The holy city of Varanasi, called as the city of temples and learning, is a
place of great historical importance. Situated on the banks of river Ganges,
this place is dedicated to Lord Shiva. A striking feature of Varanasi is
that the riverfront of the city is decorated with ghats and no other place
in this world is believed to have such timeless quality and soulful
atmosphere. With Sarnath, where Buddha preached his first sermon after
enlightenment, just 10 kms away, Varanasi has been regarded as a place of
renaissance. It is a premiere most place for oriental learning. Inspite of
being religious, this place has kept a pace with modern technology. It
comprises of three major universities, one Tibetan institute and an
institute of Arabic studies. It is famous for its fine silk and Mehrotra
silk factory. It is an important centre of art, culture and literature.
Varanasi is also linked with spiritualism, mysticism, sanskrit and yoga. It
has produced ever-great poets like Premchand and Tulsi Das.
Quick Facts Location : On the banks of the Ganges, Uttar Pradesh Trip Highlights : Kashi Vishwanath Temple Ideal time to visit : October - March Languages : Hindi, Sanskrit and English STD Code : 0542 Climate : Summer ( Max - 45ºC ) & Winter ( Min - 7ºC
Varanasi Air/Rail/Road Links
Varanasi is well connected to major Indian cities.
There are daily domestic flights to and from Varanasi to several cities
Railway Station :
Varanasi railway station is well connected to Delhi.
Kolkata, Mumbai and other parts of India. There are two stations in
Varanasi namely Kashi and Varanasi Junction. One can catch trains from
Mughalsarai, located just 10 kms away from Varanasi.
Bus Station :
It has good network of Roads. Frequent public and
private buses ply to the major towns of Uttar Pradesh and near bys.
of Varanasi Kashi Vishwanath Temple
at Vishwanath gali, this temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Shiva Linga
at Vishwanath temple is among one of the 12 Jyotrilingas. The temple has
earned its appellation as the 'Golden Temple' due to its golden painting
done using tones of gold.
It has a rich collection of sculptures, artifacts and edifices of Buddha
and its holy remains. Finest specimens of Buddhist art and other important
remains have been found at this place.
Ashok Lion Capital
Also known as the Sarnath Lion Temple, this is the national symbol of
India. The four animals in the Sarnath capital are believed to depict
different steps of Lord Buddha's life. The lion depicts the accomplishment
of Buddha hood.
Centres in Varanasi
The most popular art of Varanasi is silk weaving. The city is expertise in
silk Sarees, gold silver brocade Sarees, wonderful pieces of brass ware,
copper ware, wooden clay toys and antique jewellery. Another attractions of
the city are hand knitted carpets, musical instruments and lagda aam which
is hot favourite among people. You can also buy shawls, carpets, wall
hangings, zari work, stone in lay work glass beads and bangles The various
shopping spots in Varanasi are-
Famous Hotels in Varanasi
Experience the old fashioned hospitality in Varanasi with a perfect blend
of luxury and comfort. Varanasi hotels offer a wide range of hotels that fit
your budget. So if you wish to view magnificent holy city, this place
possess many heritage and luxurious hotels to choose from.
There are many places to see around Varanasi. You can move to these places
as a part of excursions from Varanasi. These places are a good way of
learning this place from a broader angle. Given below are the places around
Varanasi that are often visited by tourists.
Allahabad - 125 km Bhaktiyarpur - 283 km Gorakhpur - 212 km Luckhnow - 300 km Kanpur - 320 km