The Red Fort or Lal Quila is one of the most visited tourist destinations
in India. Millions of visitors come every year to observe this testimonial
fort of Mughal Empire. This world heritage site is located on the bank of
Yamuna river and faces western side to the famous red sandstone Jama Masjid.
Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in his new capital, Shahjahanabad, the
fort is an evidence of Mughal life style and their love to architecture and
beauty. Every year on 15 August, the fort emerges as the sovereignty of
Indian nation when the prime minister of India address the nation.
Quick Facts Variant Names : Lal Quila, Lal Qila Location : Old Delhi, India Period : 1638-1648 AD Style : Mughal Architecture Building Types : landscape, military, palatial Building Usage : garden, fort, palace Climate : 25 oC - 45 oC (Summer) 7 oC - 21 oC (Winter) Best time to visit : October to May
within the The Red Fort Rang Mahal (Palace of Colors)
Rang Mahal (Palace of Colors) is a beautiful building used for emperor's
wives and mistresses. It is shaped like a lotus-shaped fountain made out of
a single piece of marble with elaborate work of mirrors and carvings. It is
beside the Mumtaz Mahal at the southern end of the zenana.
The Moti Mosque
The Moti Mosque in the Red Fort complex was built up Aurangzeb (1657-1701).
Facing to Macca, the interior of the mosque has three bulbous domes and
marble enclosure. Inside portion of the mosque is highly decorated with
arabesques and plant patterns carved into the white marble.
One of the most beautiful architecture, Diwan-i Khass was in use as the
Mughal emperors' private audience hall. The apartment is designed with an
inspiration from the mention of paradise in Holy Quran. The construction
also depicts the elements of Hindu influences.
The Diwan-i 'Amm
The Diwan-i 'Amm is a large magnificent hall used for public imperial
audiences at the center of the Red Fort. It is located between the public
and private parts of the fortress. The central attraction is the throne
balcony which is of white marbled, carved and inlaid with with precious
stones in pietra dura.
The Naqqar-Khana (drum house) is a large red sandstone pavilion used by the
musician of the court to perform the music five times a day. Also, a signal
for visitors to get down from the elephant. It is located at Lahore gate.
Some Other Attraction Near
the Red Fort The Jama Mosque
As you crossed the road, India's one of the largest and beautiful mosques,
the Jama Masjid welcomes its visitors. Carved out of red sandstones, this is
also a marvelous architectural love of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan who
commissioned to build in 1656.
Humayun's Tomb is another Mughal architecture just before the famous Saint
Nizammudin Shrine. It houses the tomb of tomb of Humayun, the second Mughal
emperor. All around it are Persian style of gardens and other important
monuments. It is listed as world heritage site.
Qutb Minar Complex
A specimen of Islamic architecture, this complex is full with wonders of
the world. The 72.5 m minaret, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the tomb and work of
Arabic calligraphy-all are great to the visitors.