among the oldest ones in India, Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve was
established in lush greens of Kerala way back in 1895 and declared a Tiger
Reserve in 1978. With an area up to 777 sq km, Periyar National Park also
has 360 sq km under thick and dense evergreen forests. Enveloped by dense
forests, Periyar National Park is also very popular for Periyar Lake.
Tourists can spot the ferocious carnivore - Tiger - in the national park
which is an ideal habitat for Indian Elephant. Wooded hills and the forest
are homing the resident animals and Periyar Lake is their vast water
resource. Periyar National Park is included among the best wildlife
sanctuaries in India for wildlife photography, bird watching, elephant herds
and tiger watching.
Wildlife in Periyar National Park
The animals commonly seen in Periyar National Park include gaur, wild pigs,
sambhar, barking deer, mouse deer, dole and Indian wild dog besides the
elephant and tiger. Thanks to persistent efforts of zoo officials, the
number of tigers in this national park has rose to forty. Four primate
species are also the centre of attraction. These are - rare lion-tailed
macaque, Nilgiri langur, common langur and bonnet macaque. This wildlife
destination is also recognized as the only habitat of Nilgiri Tahr, which
can only be spotted luckily. Around 100 species of butterfly and 240 bird
species inhabit this national park. It is encircled by aromatic spice
gardens that can deeply be explored by the help of good guides. Each spice
has its distinct medicinal value.
Elephants in Periyar National Park
Periyar National Park in Kerala, South India is one of the premier natural
habitats for Asiatic elephants in the country. Closely watching herds of
elephants gathered near the vast Periyar Lake is one of the most enthralling
experiences while touring Periyar National Park in Kerala. More than 800
Asiatic elephants are living fearlessly in Periyar National Park. You may
gaze at elephants sucking in liters of water in their trunk and bathing each
other and their little ones or capture them taking pictures of elephants
while entertaining themselves. If you ride an elephant at Periyar wildlife
sanctuary, you are most likely going to fall in love with this sensitive and
Other Attractions in Periyar National Park
This enchanting lake attracts numerous birds including grey
hornbill, grey heron, ibis, the great Malabar hornbill, kingfishers,
ospreys, kites, flycatchers, hill mynas, racket tailed drongos, parakeets
and blue winged parakeet and orioles.
Located just 4 km away from Periyar, this former
spice trade centre still grows the spices largely. Plenty of opportunities
are available for accommodation in the hotels and resorts in the town.
Cardamom Hills :
These scenic and exotic cardamom hills
can be easily approached from Periyar and Kumily.
Boat Cruises :
Two hour Boat Cruises in the early morning
or evening hours are the best way to explore the nook and corner of Periyar
How to Reach Periyar National Park
By Air :
Nearest airports from Periyar are Kochi or
Cochin (200 km) or Madurai (140 km) from Periyar.
By Rail :
Nearest railhead from Periyar is at Kottayam
By Road :
Kumily is the nearest town from Periyar which
is well connected with Kottayam, Ernakulam and Madurai in Tamil Nadu by
regular and frequent buses. You can pick the buses from Ernakulam (6 hours),
Kottayam (4 hours), Trivandrum (8 hours), Kovalam (9 hours), Munnar (4
hours) and Kodaikanal (6 hours).