India has been defined as a
'Country of Caravans". The country has seen the arrival of diverse
groups, races and religious communities from the very beginning. Aryan,
Chines, Turkish, Arabs, Mongols and Europeans came here and merged in great
Indian nation. India is the only country of the world where you will
experience such a diverse kind of amalgamation of the people. It is very
difficult to fine out any single origin of Indian People.
Generally, it is believed that the Ramapithecus species which were found in
the Siwalik foothills of north western Himalayas, were the first in the line
of hominids (Human Family) lived some 14 million years ago. According to
anthropologists, species resembling the Austrapithecus lived in India some
two million years ago. Since Ramapithecus, we find an evolutionary gap of 12
are sufficient reasons to call India a world in itself. During the last 1000
years, various tribal groups of the world and civilized nations came in
India. They absorbed the way India live and also influenced It. Today,
around 1,065,070,607 lives in the lap of Mother India. All these Indian
people attributes several identities, all of them attractive and worth to be
explored. They can be classified on the basis of races, regions, languages
As per race is concerned, people of India belongs to 6 main ethnic groups:
Negrito, Proto - Australoids or Austrics, Mongoloids, Mediterranean or
Dravidian, Western Brachycephals, Nordic Aryans.
The Negritos also known as the Brachycephalic (broad headed) migrated from
Africa in earlier period of India and settled in Andaman and Nicobar
Islands. Some of them include Jarawas, Sentinelese, Onges and the Great
Pro-Australoids or Austrics
Pro-Australoids or Austrics was the race of unique physical structure. It
laid the foundation of Indian civilization. Now, these races are found in
some parts of India, Myanmar and the islands of South East Asia. Their
language is survived in the Central and Eastern India.
Mongoloids are people with yellow complexion, oblique eyes, high
cheekbones, sparse hair and medium height. They are found Assam, Nagaland,
Mizoram, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Sikkim, Ladakh etc
and northern part of Bengal.
Founder of the city civilization of the Indus valley, Dravidian consist
south Indian people. They came India before the Aryans. They are further
classified into sub groups like the Paleo-Mediterranean, the true
Mediterranean, and the Oriental Mediterranean.
Bracycephals are broad headed people living mainly on the western side of
the country such as the Ganga Valley and the delta, parts of Kashmir,
Kathiawar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The Parsis and
Kodavas are also included in this race.
Nordics or the Indo-Aryans
the Indo-Aryans constitute around 72 per cent of the Indian people. It was
the last racial group to immigrate to India. They came to India somewhere
between 2000 and 1500 B.C and now they are mainly found in the northern and
central part of India.
Religious Stratification of India People
Another classification of the Indian people can be according to their
religions. The majority of the Indian people (81.3%) consists of Hindu
religion. It is the largest population of Hindu any where in the world. Sikh
(1.9%), Buddhist (0.7) and Jains (0.5%) are other religions which have their
origin in the soil of India. Islam (12%) and Christian (2.3%) are two other
religions which came from out of India and had a very deep impact on the
culture and traditions of India. There are some other religions which
constitute 0.4% population of India.