The Jama Masjid, the Friday Prayer Mosque, is beautiful red sandstones
mosque located in a very busy area of Old Delhi. The mosque was built on the
commission of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1656 employing 5,000 workmen.
Four minarets, three beautiful marble domes, 28 m square courtyard and three
gates with carved verses of Holy Quran in Arabic are marvelous architectural
work. The mosque is located on a high ground with a raised platforms and
offers a panoramic views of Delhi. It can accommodate 25 thousands people at
a time. The views of the strangely cubic cityscape from the top of the south
minaret is great attraction among the tourists.
Quick Facts Location : Old Delhi Built By : Shah Jahan Built Between : 1644-1656 Significance : India's largest mosque Builder : Nur Allah Ahmed Climate : 25 oC - 45 oC (Summer) 7 oC - 21 oC (Winter) Best time to visit : October to May
within the Jama Mosque
The Jama Mosque has three gateways on east, north and south with 35 and 33
steps respectively. The eastern gate was the royal entrance. On the northern
gate, relics are preserved including a copy of the Quran written on deer
skin, a red beard-hair of the Prophet, his sandals and his footprint in a
Three White Marble Domes
Three domes are like the crown in Jama Mosque. Based on Iranian style of
architecture, these beautiful white domes stand between two red sandstones
40 meter high minarets. The white marble is extensively used in the dome
with black inlaid stripes.
The Main Prayer Hall
The main prayer hall is the most important of the mosque. It is rectangular
in size measuring 61 meters by 27.5 meters. It has eleven magnificent arches
with marble frames. The central arch of the facade is higher than other
The vast courtyard with a fountains welcome the visitors. it is rectangle
size nearly 75x 66 meters. It is accessible by tree gates, along with the
main gate on the eastern side which offers the direct views of the western
chamber and and the mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed Shah.
Some Other Attraction Near
the Jama Mosque
The Red Fort
Just before the Jama Masjid, Red Fort is a world heritage site and
masterpiece of the Mughal architecture. Built by the Mughal Emperor Shah
Jahan, the fort houses several palaces and halls of exceptional style.
Humayun's Tomb is a Persian style of complex with spacious four gardens and
tomb of Humayun, the second Mughal emperor in the center. It is considered
the prototype of Agra's Taj Mahal.
Qutb Minar Complex
This 72.5 m minaret in Mehrauli is a beautiful construction of red
sandstones and beautiful Arabic calligraphy. The complex also houses
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque and tomb of Emperor Iltutmish.